Monday, July 25, 2016

Zika Virus

Alright, so I gotta tie my vacation post to a medical one. Last year we went to Yosemite where there was news of the bubonic plague. I blogged about it here. This year we were just in the Carribean... and I have a TON of mosquito bites... so guess what I'm going to talk about?  That's right... here's a little 101 on the Zika Virus.

How do you get it?
Transmission is mainly from a mosquito bite. Other ways of getting this virus include:

  • mother to fetus
  • intercourse
  • blood transfusion.

What are the symptoms?
Most people will have no symptoms at all or get very mild symptoms.  Symptoms incude:

  • fever
  • rash
  • joint pain
  • conjunctivitis
  • muscle pain
  • headache
How do you treat it?
Treatment is usually aimed towards alleviating symptoms.  Rest, fluids, and tylenol as needed for pain or fever.

So what is the big deal?
If a pregnant woman becomes infected with the zika virus, the virus can cause a birth defect of the brain in the fetus. This can lead to a miscarriage or still birth. According to the WHO (World Health Organization), the Zika virus is spreading very rampantly in the Americas and in January had declared birth defect due to Zika as an international public health emergency.

Areas with active mosquito-born Zika virus transmission include:
  • Americas
  • Pacific Islands
  • Africa
You can go to the cdc website for more detailed listings. 

Hm.. I don't see Turks and Caicos on the list. But no chance I'm pregnant anyway... so worse case scenario I'd just be sick with a flu-like illness for a week or so.

How do you prevent getting it?
There is no vaccine currently so best prevention is just protecting against mosquito bites with repellent, long sleeves, long pants etc. If pregnant, would avoid traveling to areas that have active transmission.